James the II seemed a threat to usurp legislative powers, to be a threat to the natural rights of his subjects, and to be a threat to free exercise of religion. So many reverses in Bossuet's grandiose plans began to weaken the patience that had always characterized him, and a certain harsh and sometimes unjust insistence marked his final controversies.
Are the English better off when they submit to their kings, or when they start civil wars? According to Bossuet's treatise, "On the Nature and Properties of Royal Authority," the greatest crime is to attack the person of the king, since the king is not a mere man, but the representative of God on Earth, whose life individuals must guard above their own so as to obtain the grace of God.
He explained his view that the goal of human life should be to have love of God as its perfect object, with neither fear of punishment nor desire for the reward of eternal life having anything to do with this pure love of God.
That is what made him so stalwart a champion of authority in all its forms: Though Bossuet belonged to the Metz clergy untilhe divided his time between Metz and Paris from toand after he left Paris hardly at all. He began his classical studies at the Jesuit college in Dijon and, when his father was appointed to the parliament of Metz, remained in Dijon under the care of an uncle.
He spent his first 15 years in Dijon and was educated at the Jesuit college there. Suppose I make for myself something nice a nice fur-lined jacket perhaps or have something nice smoked venison, or a lovely wife. The American Revolution —83the French Revolutionand the Napoleonic wars deprived the doctrine of most of its remaining credibility.
He never drew satirical pictures like his great rival Louis Bourdaloue. Thus he approved the revocation of the Edict of Nanteswhile neither approving nor expecting the use of force, because he was convinced that Protestants would be amenable to the new ruling and would collaborate for Christian unity.
He convinced his listeners by the passion of his religious feelings, which he expressed in clear, simple rhetoric. Pope Innocent XII selected 23 specific passages for condemnation. He retained his connection with Metz and was appointed dean when his father, a widower, became a priest and canon at the same cathedral.
For more than half a century his ancestors, both paternal and maternal, had occupied judicial posts. During this early period he began also to compose and preach panegyrics on the saints. It justified the change of government made by William and Mary.
Bossuet's worship of authority by no means killed his confidence in reason; what it did was make him doubt the honesty of those who reasoned otherwise than himself. Intended early for an ecclesiastical career, he was tonsured at the age of He focused on ethical rather than doctrinal messages, often drawing from the lives of saints or saintly contemporaries as examples.
Specifically, enlightened monarchs embraced the principles of the Enlightenment, especially its emphasis upon rationality, and applied them to their territories. To do this, it needs a certain ability to enforce decisions, though this power must be carefully circumscribed.
Francis of AssisiSt. Bossuet was born of a family of magistrates. The sovereign, lacking nothing, will wish for nothing personal. Bossuet, accordingly, made a heroic attempt to grapple with origins and causes, and in this way, his book deserves its place as one of the very first of philosophic histories.
When crime is everywhere?
St Vincent de Paul finally prevailed upon him to move to Paris and devote himself to preaching as his oratory was considered his greatest gift. In his two treatises on Government, Locke attempts to show why the change was perfectly legitimate--and, incidently, comes up with an exceedingly important theory of government.
Bossuet recognized in Mme. Concurrently he was engaged in the controversy with the Protestants.
Bossuet recognized in Mme. Early career in Paris[ edit ] InSt.Jacques Bossuet () was a French bishop during time of Louis XIV. He was a tremendously popular preacher and one of most prolific theological writers of his time. Louis XIV chose him to be tutor of the dauphin, the heir to the French throne, and later to the dauphin's son, the heir to the heir.
Bossuet, JACQUES—BENIGNE, a celebrated French bishop and pulpit orator, b. at Dijon, September 27, ; d.
at Paris, April 12, For more than a century his ancestors, both paternal and maternal had occupied judicial functions. He was the fifth son of Benign Bossuet, a judge in the Parliament of Dijon, and Madeleine Mochet. Politique tirée des propres paroles de l'Écriture sainte (in English translation, Politics Drawn from the Very Words of Holy Scripture) is a work of political theory prepared by Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet as part of his duties as tutor for Louis XIV's heir apparent, Louis, le Grand dominicgaudious.net is one of the purest expressions of the branch of political absolutism.
Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet () was a theologian at the court of the French "Sun King" Louis XIV; Bossuet was one of history's most fervent defenders of absolute monarchy.
For him, only God stands above the person of the king, and the king's authority cannot be challenged by any other human being. The idea of divine right, eloquently propounded by Bishop Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet and embodied in the palace and system of Versailles, may have strengthened the political consensus, but it did little to assist royal agents trying to please both Versailles and their own communities.
He dissolved Parliament because he did not want to consult with them when he increased taxes. -stormed the English Parliament (to arrest its radical leaders) and the English Civil War ensued.
Supporters of the king (Cavaliers) faced off against supporters of Parliament (Roundheads).Download